Sunday, August 27, 2017

Madness Comes from Above

This is my entry in the Ingrid Bergman Blogathon hosted by The Wonderful World of Cinema

The scene is Grauman's Chinese Theater.  It is the 1945 Academy Awards presentation.  Leo McCarey, et. al. are running away with the statuettes, nearly sweeping every category for which the film was nominated.  (Much to the dismay of Billy Wilder, whose Double Indemnity was an "also-ran" in many of the same categories).

Fortunately for Ingrid Bergman and her fellow candidates for Best Actress, there was no competition the running from that mega-winner.  The competition was still fierce, however.  Included in the running, besides Bergman for her role in Gaslight,  were Barbara Stanwyck, whose virtuoso performance of Phyllis Dietrichson in the aforementioned Double Indemnity virtually defined the film noir  role of  femme  fatale.  Others included Claudette Colbert, Greer Garson and Bette Davis.

Bergman had been nominated once before, at that point, for her role in For Whom the Bell Tolls, but lost out to Jennifer Jones. When the dust cleared in 1945, it was Bergman who came out on top. It was Jones who presented Bergman with her Oscar. The remarkable thing is, although she had many roles under her belt in her native Sweden, she only had about ½ dozen or so English speaking roles by this time, one of which was her famous role in Casablanca.

In fact, after she made her first English language film, Intermezzo, she fully expected to return home, because she could not speak English, and thought she would not be accepted by the American people.  Not only was she accepted, she eventually took her place in the rankings of most popular actresses of the day.  And she is still popular even today.  A list by lists her only behind Bette Davis and Barbara Streisand as the most popular actress of all time.  .

Gaslight (1944)

It is the late 19th century.  A woman, Alice Alquist, has been murdered.  She was a famous stage actress, and efforts to find her killer, or for that matter, the reason for the murder, have been largely fruitless.  Alice has only one heir, a niece, Paula (played by Terry Moore in the opening segment).  Paula is sent to Italy where it is hoped that a tutelage with a music teacher, and time away from the scene of the tragedy will help Paula get over the event.

Several years later, Paula (now played by Ingrid Bergman) is studying to be a singer.  But her teacher, Maestro Guardi (Emil Rameau), sees that her mind is not on her studies.  He drags the truth out of her, she is in love, and it is distracting her from her studies.  He encourages her to go be with her man, asking her to bring him round to meet her teacher someday.  Paula meets Gregory Anton (Charles Boyer), the man she loves, and a whirlwind romance begins.  It comes to its fruition when the two are married.

Paula and Gregory return to Paula's home in London which she inherited from her aunt, but has been vacant these past few years.  Life begins idyllically at the onset, with Gregory hiring a couple of house servants, Elizabeth (Barbara Everest) and Nancy (Angela Lansbury)

Side note:  Believe it or not this was Lansbury's first role and OMG, she almost steals the scenes in which she appears.  She was nominated for an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress for her efforts.  And after having watched this, as well as The Manchurian Candidate and the previously reviewed Please Murder Me, I think she must be one of the most underrated actresses of all time, since she played good-natured and pleasant women so well, too... (see Bedknobs and Broomsticks or the TV series Murder, She Wrote)

At any rate, Gregory begins a systematic and evil campaign to convince his wife she is losing her mind.  He accuses her of losing, misplacing or outright stealing many items in the house.  And he also feigns innocence when she mentions the lights dimming in the house.  (It being before electricity, all lights were gas operated, and we are led to believe (although I can't vouch for its truth) that when a light is lit in some other room in the house, the flow of gas is diminished to all, so the lights in her room dim as a result.  The reason why the lights dim is because Gregory is upstairs in the supposedly sealed off attic.

What Gregory is doing is he is trying to get her out of the way so he can look for the jewels her aunt had hidden, unimpeded.  See, it was really him who had murdered her aunt, but he was  interrupted before he could retrieve the jewels for which he had killed her.  I should note here that it seems to me that Boyer is playing against type in this role.  I admit to have never seen Boyer in any film, but I listen to a lot of old radio shows, and he was always projected as a dashing romantic lead who makes  women swoon.  Rather like when Brad Pitt played Jeffrey Goines in 12 Monkeys, it was not a character for which it was expected of the charismatic actor.  And yes, Boyer was nominated for an Oscar for this portrayal, but was a victim of the Going My Way curse mentioned above.  (Do you get the idea I'm not a big fan of the Bing Crosby flick?)

Joseph Cotten appears in this movie as Brian Cameron,  a police official who was an admirer of Paula's aunt, and even initially thinks Paula is Alice.  It is he who is suspicious enough of the situation that he begins to investigate the long-since closed case of the murder and discovers what Gregory is really doing.

Despite Gregory's attempts to shield his wife from the outside world,  he gets in touch with Paula and uncovers the truth, both as to what Gregory's plans are as well as who he really is.  Stay tuned until the end to see how Paula reacts to the truth and the denouement when she confronts Gregory.  It is this scene that makes her Oscar so right.

Well folks, time to dim the lights and close the drive-in.  Drive home safely.



  1. I need to watch this again! I saw it once, during my Joseph Cotten phase, and it really impressed me.

    And yeah, Angela Landsbury can pull off a lot of different 'types.' She's very shrewish and brassy in Dear Heart opposite Glenn Ford, another totally different role for her.

    1. Angela was a cutie when she was young. She wasn't too bad as an older woman, but I like the early stuff. Thanks for reading.

  2. Great essay on Ingrid's rise to fame and early career...and Gaslight is one of her very best. Need to see it again.
    1944 was one of the great Oscar horse-races for Best Actress. In my collection are both Claudette Colbert for Since You Went Away and Stanwyck for Double Indemnity. You can't be upset that Bergman won, though, she really did deserve it that year!

    1. It was probably close to a tie with Stanwyck, but yes she did a fantastic job. Thanks for reading.


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